As per research, the US sees 175 deaths (in 2016) per day related to drug abuse. The problem of drug abuse prevails among the poor as well as the rich. The victims of this social havoc belong both to the old as well as the young age. The increasing ill effect of this issue makes it vital to either adopt a strategy which eradicates the problem from its roots or find a solution helpful in treating the aftermath of the problem.
Drug abuse not only affects the cognitive ability of the addict but also (negatively) influences his/her social behavior to a large extent. Therefore, it becomes more significant to look for effective remedies offering a long-term relief from the problem. The treatment under the process of rehab for drug abuse involves the following:
- Detoxification (the process of getting rid of a drug)
- Behavioral counseling
- Evaluation and treatment for dual diagnosis (co-occurring mental health symptoms of depression, anxiety etc.)
- Regular follow-up to prevent relapse
Along with these steps, community or family-based recovery support systems are also crucial to determine the success of the patient’s recovery.
Medication in the process of rehab for drug abuse
Medication is used to prevent multiple symptoms of the drug abuse, some of which are explained below:
Medication helps restrain the symptoms during the detoxification which is the first step of the treatment. As it is the beginning of the treatment process, it is important to take complete care of the patient even after the detoxification stage gets over. Patients, who do not receive further treatment after this stage, usually resume their drug use.
Medication proves helpful in re-establishing normal brain activity and reduce drug craving. Medications are available in treating multiple drug abuse categories such as dependence on opioids, tobacco, alcohol, cocaine and cannabis.
A special medication is available to treat mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety etc. that may be contributing to the patient’s addiction.
Behavioral therapies under the process of rehab for drug abuse
Behavioral therapies prove productive in the recovery of the patient in a number of ways:
- Modify the behavior of the addict (in relation to dependence on drugs)
- Instill healthy life skills
- Persist with other forms of treatment (such as medication)
Outpatient behavioral treatment
This includes behavior counseling of the patient on a regular basis. The counseling programs might vary from individual to group drug counseling. The forms of therapy offered under these programs include:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy: This impacts the thinking of the patient and helps him/her to recognize and cope with the circumstances in which he/she is most likely to use drugs.
- Multidimensional family therapy: This is designed to improve the overall family functioning. Framed to restrain the adolescents from drug use, the therapy also gives due importance to their families addressing the influences of drug abuse they go through.
- Motivational interviewing: Under this therapy, the addicts are provided moral support to change their view as well as the habit of drug usage. The therapy is based on the method of positive reinforcement.
This treatment under the process of rehab for drug abuse is given to more severe cases. Safe housing and medical attention are provided to the patient along with other aspects of intensive care round the clock. Examples of inpatient treatment setting include:
- Therapeutic communities: Under this program, the patient remains in the intensive care of the rehabilitation center for six to 12 months. The entire community of the rehab center including medical staff and other patients act as the recovery agents.
- Short-term residential treatment: This involves detoxification along with providing the initial intensive counseling.
- Recovery housing: This provides short-term housing for patients enabling the patients to lead an independent life such as learning to manage finances, seek employment etc.